In the framework of the “Fruits of Ethology” guest talk series we will have the pleasure to welcome our next speaker, Nora Bunford (University of Illinois at Chicago, ELTE Ethology Department).
Date: 29th of September, Thursday, 15.45
Location: ELTE, Department of Ethology – South Building, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/c, 6th floor
Title: Findings from human neuroscience, psychophysiological, and socio-cognitive research: Adaptability and utility for comparative studies?
The domestic dog provides a socially relevant and unique model of human information processing. As pertinent comparative research is in its infancy, there may be utility in considering methods and findings of potentially relevant human studies with regard to the applicability thereof to future canine-human comparative work. To this end, a series of human neuroscience, psychophysiological, and socio-cognitive studies, conducted with children and adults with and without various psychiatric disorders, will be reviewed. These include research on (1) the association between fMRI-measured activation to a parametric Go/No-Go paradigm and conscientiousness, (2) the relation between fMRI-measured activation to an attentional control task and behavioral inhibition system sensitivity, (3) the degree to which differences in electrocortical reactivity to emotional faces differentiates children with anxiety disorders with regard to rule-breaking behaviors and social problems, (4) inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms mediating the association between neuropsychological and social impairment, (5) the correspondence between heart rate variability and emotion dysregulation in children with and without ADHD, and (6) 12-week test-retest reliability of fMRI-measured neural activation. Primary implications discussed will be related to ways in which this work is adaptable and useful to the design and execution of canine-human comparative studies.